Researchers over at the University of Amsterdam (UvA) have recently discovered a new type of neuron and have subsequently nicknamed it the “neighborhood cell”. It plays a vital role in larger scale navigation and is called this as it has the ability to differentiate between the different areas of an environment.
The cell works alongside hippocampal place cells and using an analogy from the study: if an individual is trying to get from her house to a remote location somewhere else, the perirhinal cortex neurons deal with navigating through streets and neighborhoods, while the hippocampal place cells are only required when she needs to carry out a precise instruction such as gauging “which houses she will pass in succession.”
During the study, the neural activity of four separate areas of a rat’s brain was monitored. These were: the perirhinal cortex, hippocampus,
How to Automate Video Content Marketing in Under 1 Hour
5 Easy Video Lessons +
Bonus Free Toolkit